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山西自考2012年4月初中英语学科基础真题

山西自考网 发布时间:2012年05月25日

全国2012年4月高等教育自学考试

初中英语学科基础试题

课程代码:09296

  第一题 语音测试(本节共10个小题,每小题0.5分,共5分)(请选出1个划线部分读音与其它3个不同的并将代码答在试卷上。)

  1. A. drunk  B. dusty C. duty  D. drug  (   )

  2. A. prove  B. rose C. wrote  D. broke  (   )

  3. A. back  B. safe C. table  D. strange  (   )

  4. A. extra  B. express C. expert  D. export  (   )

  5. A. taught  B. caught C. laughter  D. daughter  (   )

  6. A. mouth  B. trouble C. proud  D. trousers       (   )

  7. A. honest  B. chest C. harvest  D. forest  (   )

  8. A. though  B. three C. throw  D. thief  (   )

  9. A. care  B. cock C. certain  D. coin  (   )

  10. A. breathe  B. easy C. cheap  D. ready  (   )

  第二题 口语表达(本节共10个小题,每小题1分,共10分)请选出1个符合语境的选项,并将代码答在试卷上。

  11. - Do you think their table tennis team will win the first place at the coming Asian Games?

  - ______ . Ours is much stronger than theirs.

  A. Of course  B. By no means

  C. It depends  D. Don t mention it.

  12. -What a fine day! Shall we go picnicking?

  - ______ . But we need to be home before six o clock for the football match.

  A. Have a nice time  B. Pardon me

  C. Thats great  D. You are right

  13. -Jone and I will celebrate our fortieth wedding anniversary next month.

  -Oh, ______ !

  A. cheer up  B. well done

  C. go ahead  D. congratulations

  14. - Poor Steve! I could hardly recognize him just now!

  - ______ . He has changed so much.

  A. Never mind  B. No problem

  C. Not at all  D. Me either

  15. - Could you be so kind as to close the window?

  -______.

  A. With pleasure.  B. Go ahead

  C. Yes, please  D. Thats OK.

  16. - Were organizing a party next Saturday, and Id like you to come.

  - ______! I have another one that day. Thank you just the same.

  A. Good luck!  B. What a pity

  C. Never do it again  D. Well done

  17. -Good morning, Grand Hotel.

  -Hello, I d like to book a room for the nights of the 18th and 19th.

  -______.

  A. What can I do for you?  B. Just a minute, please.

  C. What s the matter?  D. At your service.

  18. - Sorry, I broke your wineglass.

  -______.

  A. Never mind.  B. Certainly not!

  C. Why not be careful?  D. Dont mention it.

  19. - So you missed the meeting.

  - ______. I got there five minutes before it finished.

  A. Not at all.  B. Not exactly

  C. Not especially  D. Not really

  20. - Tom, you are smoking again?

  - ______ ? Its none of your business.

  A. So what  B. How come

  C. Why not  D. What for

  第三题 语法和词汇(本大题共15小题,每小题1分,共15分)

  (在每小题列出的四个备选项中有一个符合题目要求的,请将其代码答在试卷上。)

  21. When you introduce me to Mr. Johnson, could you please say ______ for me?

  A. everything  B. anything

  C. something  D. nothing

  22. Mark ______ have hurried. After driving at top speed, he arrived half an hour early.

  A. needn t  B. wouldn t

  C. mustn t  D. couldn t

  23. Excuse me, I______ I was blocking your way.

  A. didnt realize  B. dont realize

  C. havent realized  D. wasnt realizing

  24. The doctor thought ______ would be good for you to have a holiday.

  A. this  B. that

  C. one  D. it

  25. My mother opened the drawer to ______ the knives and spoons.

  A. put up  B. put away

  C. put on  D. put together

  26. -Why did you move to New York?

  - ______ a better job.

  A. Find  B. Finding

  C. To find  D. Found

  27. It is reported that two schools, ______ are being built in my hometown, will open next year.

  A. they both  B. which both

  C. both of them  D. both of which

  28. It is generally considered unwise to give a child ______ he or she wants.

  A. however  B. whatever

  C. whichever  D. whenever

  29. Though ______ to see us, the professor gave us a warm welcome.

  A. surprising  B. was surprised

  C. surprised  D. being surprised

  30. Giving up smoking can greatly ______ the risk of heart disease.

  A. increase  B. reduce

  C. deduce  D. produce

  31. It was so dark in the cinema that I could hardly ______ my friend.

  A. turn out  B. bring out

  C. call out  D. pick out

  32. Id like to study law at university ______ my cousin prefers geography.

  A. though  B. as

  C. while  D. for

  33. -Did you see a man in black pass by just now?

  -No, sir. I______ a newspaper.

  A. read  B. was reading

  C. would read  D. am reading

  34. Mum ______ to us, "Be quiet! Your little sister s sleeping."

  A. whispered  B. shouted

  C. explained  D. replied

  35. Daniel s family ______ their holiday in Huangshan this time next week.

  A. are enjoying  B. are to enjoy

  C. will enjoy  D. will be enjoying

  第四题  完形填空(本大题共15小题,每小题1分,共15分)(请在每小题的空格中填上正确的答案,并将答案答在试卷上)

  Several years ago, while attending a communication course, I experienced a most unusual process. The instructor asked us to list something in our past that we felt 36 of, regretted, or incomplete about and read our lists aloud.

  This seemed like a very 37 process, but there s always some 38 soul in the crowd who will volunteer. The instructor then 39 that we find ways to make apologies to people, or take some action to right any wrong doings. I was seriously wondering how this could ever 40 my communication.

  Then the man next to me raised his hand and volunteered this story: "Making my list, I remembered an incident from high school. I grew up in a small town. There was a Sheriff 41 of us kids liked. One night, my two buddies and I decided to play a 42 on him.

  After drinking a few beers, we climbed the tall water tank in the middle of the town, and wrote on the tank in bright red paint: Sheriff Brown is a s. o.b. (畜生)。 The next day, almost the whole town saw our glorious 43. Within two hours, Sheriff Brown had us in his office. My friends told the truth but I lied. No one 44 found out."

  "Nearly 20 years later, Sheriff Brown s name 45 on my list. I didn t even know if he was still 46 . Last weekend, I dialed the information in my hometown and found there was a Roger Brown still listed. I tried his number. After a few rings, I heard, "Hello?" I said, " Sheriff Brown?" Paused. "Yes." "Well, this is Jimmy Calkins. "

  "And I want you to know that I did it."Paused. "I knew it!" he yelled back. We had a good laugh and a 47 discussion. His closing words were: "Jimmy, I always felt bad for you because your buddies got it off their chest, but you were carrying it 48 all these years. I want to thank you for calling me …… for your sake."

  Jimmy inspired me to 49 all 101 items on my list within two years, and I always remember what I learned from the course: It s never too late to 50 the past wrongdoings.

  36. A. ashamed  B. afraid C. sure  D. proud (   )

  37. A. secret  B. private C. interesting  D. funny (   )

  38. A. foolish  B. polite C. simple  D. brave (   )

  39. A. expected  B. suggested C. ordered  D. demanded (   )

  40. A. improve  B. continue C. realize  D. keep  (   )

  41. A. any  B. most C. none  D. all  (   )

  42. A. part  B. game C. trick  D. record  (   )

  43. A. view  B. sign C. attention  D. remark  (   )

  44. A. also  B. even C. still  D. ever  (   )

  45. A. appears  B. considers C. presents  D. remembers  (   )

  46. A. angry  B. alive C. doubtful  D. happy  (   )

  47. A. cold  B. plain C. nervous  D. lively  (   )

  48. A. around  B. out C. on  D. away  (   )

  49. A. build up  B. make up C. clear up  D. give up  (   )

  50. A. regret  B. forgive C. right  D. punish  (   )

  第五题 选择题(本大题共20小题,每小题1分,共20分)

  (在每小题列出的四个备选项中有一个符合题目要求的,请将其代码答在试卷上。)

  A

  All the housewives who went to the new supermarket had one great ambition: to be the lucky customer who did not have to pay for her shopping. For this was what the notice just inside the entrance promised. It said: "Remember, once a week, one of our customers gets free goods. This May Be Your Lucky Day!"

  For several weeks Mrs. Edwards hoped, like many of her friends, to be the lucky customer. Unlike her friends, she never gave up hoping. The cupboards in kitchen were full of things which she did not need. Her husband tried to advise her against buying things but failed. She dreamed of the day when the manager of the supermarket would approach her and say: "Madam, this is Your Lucky Day. Everything in your basket is free. "

  One Friday morning, after she had finished her shopping and had taken it to her car, she found that she had forgotten to buy any tea. She dashed back to the supermarket, got the tea and went towards the cash-desk. As she did so, she saw the manager of the supermarket approach her. "Madam," he said, holding out his hand, "I want to congratulate you! You are our lucky customer and everything you have in your basket is free!"

  51. The housewives learnt about the news of free goods ______.

  A. on TV  B. from the manager

  C. at the supermarket  D. from the newspaper

  52. Mrs. Edwards ______.

  A. is always very lucky  B. had no friends

  C. hoped to get free shopping  D. gets disappointed easily

  53. Mrs. Edwards s husband tried to ______.

  A. make her unhappy  B. cheer her up

  C. buy things with her  D. stop her buying things

  54. Mrs. Edwards went back to the supermarket quickly because she had to ______.

  A. buy another thing  B. talk to the manager

  C. pay for her shopping  D. find her shopping

  55. Mrs. Edwards must have been ______.

  A. pleased  B. delighted

  C. proud  D. disappointed

  B

  There are two factors which determine an individual s intelligence. The first is the sort of brain he is born with. Human brains differ considerably, some being more capable than others. But no matter how good a brain he has to begin with, an individual will have a low order of intelligence unless he has opportunities to learn. So that second factor is what happens to the individual, the sort of environment in which lie is reared. If an individual is handicapped environmentally, it is likely that his brain will fail to develop and he will never attain the level of intelligence of which he is capable.

  The importance of environment in determining an individual s intelligence can be demonstrated by the case history of the identical twins, Peter and Mark. Being identical, the twins had identical brains at birth, and their growth processes were the same. When the twins were three months old, their parents died, and they were placed in separate foster homes. Peter was reared by parents of low intelligence in an isolated community with poor educational opportunities. Mark was reared in the home of well - to - do parents who had been to college. He was read to as a child, sent to good schools, and given every opportunity to be stimulated intellectually. This environmental difference continued until the twins were in their late teens, when they were given tests to measure their intelligence. Marks IQ was 125, twenty- five points higher than the average and fully forty points higher than his identical brother. Given equal opportunities, the twins, having identical brains, would have tested at roughly the same level.

  56. The best title for this passage is: ______.

  A. Intelligence and Environment

  B. How Someones Brain Has an Effect on His Intelligence

  C. The Case of the Twins, Peter and Mark

  D. Measuring Your Intelligence

  57. The underlined sentence "The importance of environment in determining an individual s intelligence can be demonstrated by the case history of the identical twins" means that ______.

  A. the environment one lives in has no effects on intelligence

  B. ones intelligence can have an important effect on the environment

  C. the good environment one lives in has a bad effect on intelligence

  D. whether the environment one lives in is good or bad has an important effect on intelligence

  58. The best statement of the main idea of the passage is that ______.

  A. human brains differ considerably

  B. the brain a person is born with is important in determining his intelligence

  C. environment is more important in determining a persons intelligence

  D. identical brains will have the same intelligence

  59. According to the passage, the average IQ is ______.

  A. 85  B. 100

  C. 110  D. 125

  60. This passage suggests that an individuals IQ ______.

  A. can be predicted at birth

  B. stays the same throughout his life

  C. can be increased by education

  D. is determined by his childhood

  C

  The favorite food in the United States is the hamburger. The favorite place to buy a hamburger is a fast food restaurant. At fast food restaurants, people order their food, wait a few minutes, and carry it to their tables themselves. People also take their food out of the restaurant and eat it in their cars or in their homes. At some fast food restaurants, people can order their food, pay for it and pick it up without leaving their cars.

  There are many kinds of fast food restaurants in the United States. The greatest in number sell hamburgers, French fries and so on. They are popular food among Americans. Besides, fast food restaurants that serve Chinese food, Mexican food, Italian food, chicken, seafood and ice- cream are very many. The idea of a fast food restaurant is so popular that nearly every kind of food can be found in one.

  Fast food restaurants are popular because they reflect American life style. Customers can wear any type of dress when they go to a fast food place. Second, they are fast. People who are busy do not want to spend time preparing their own food or waiting while someone prepares it. In fast food restaurants the food is usually ready before the customer even orders it. Finally most food in a fast food restaurant is not expensive. Therefore, people are able to buy and eat at a fast food restaurant often, while they may not be able to go to a more expensive restaurant very often.

  61. Hamburgers and French fries can be got at  ______ the fast food restaurants.

  A. some of  B. most of

  C. a part of  D. all of

  62. What do people do when they come to a fast food restaurant?

  A. They order and eat their food at the restaurant.

  B. They buy and take their food out and eat it in their cars or in their homes.

  C. They order, pay for and get their food in their cars.

  D. They do one of the three above- mentioned things.

  63. Why do Americans like to go to fast food restaurants?

  A. It is because fast food restaurants are fast, informal, and inexpensive.

  B. It is because people can easily find fast food restaurants.

  C. It is because people like to eat hamburgers.

  D. It is because fast food restaurants sell nearly every kind of food.

  64. Is the food in fast food restaurants always ready before the customers order it?

  A. Yes, it is  B. No, it is seldom ready

  C. Yes. It is cooked to order  D. No. Not always, but usually

  65. Seafood and ice - cream are served at all fast food restaurants, aren t they?

  A. Certainly  B. Yes, they are

  C. No, Im afraid not  D. No. Only at a few of them

  D

  Are you aware that you actually possess six senses? The sixth is a muscular sense responsible for directing your muscles intelligently to the exact extent necessary for each action you perform. For example, when you reach for an object, the sensory nerves linking the muscles to the brain stop your hand at the correct spot. This automatic perception of the position of your muscles in relation to the object is your muscular sense in action.

  Muscles are strongly bundles of fibers varying from one five - thousandth of an inch to about three inches. They have three unique characteristics, they can become shorter and thicker; they can stretch; and they can retract to their original positions. Under a high -powered microscope, muscle tissue is seen as long, slender cells with a grainy texture like wood.

  More than half of a person s body is composed of muscle fibers, most of which are involuntary- in other words, work without conscious direction. The voluntary muscles, those that we move consciously to perform particular actions, number more than five hundred. Women have only 60 to 70 percent as much muscle as men for their body mass. That is why an average woman cant lift as much, throw as far, or hit as hard as an average man.

  66. According to the selection, the muscular sense is responsible for______.

  A. the efficiency of our muscles

  B. the normal breathing function

  C. directing our muscles intelligently

  D. the work of only our involuntary muscles

  67. Intelligent use of the muscles means that______.

  A. one always knows what his muscles are doing

  B. one performs simple actions without working

  C. ones muscles are used only to the extent necessary for each action they perform

  D. one improves muscular action consciously

  68. Muscles are unique fibers because they can______.

  A. contract  B. stretch

  C. retract  D. do all of the above

  69. Under a microscope, muscle cells appear to be______.

  A. textured like wood  B. colored like wood

  C. smooth and red  D. short and thick

  70. According to the selection more than half of a person s body is composed of______.

  A. voluntary muscles  B. muscle fibers

  C. involuntary muscles  D. sensory nerves

  第六题  信息转换(本大题共5小题,每小题2分,共10分)

  (请根据短文内容填空)

  An apprenticeship is a form of on - the -job training that combines workplace experience and classroom learning. It can last anywhere from one to six years, but four years is typical for most.

  One of the advantages of apprenticeship is that it does not cost apprentices anything. The companies that hire them pay for school. What s more, it offers apprentices an "earn while you learn" opportunity. They usually start out at half the pay of a journeyman (学徒期满的熟练工), and the pay increases gradually as they move further along in the job and studies.

  Despite the advantages, apprentices are usually required to work during the day and attend classes at night, which leaves little time for anything else. Sometimes, they might be laid off (下岗) if business for the employers is slow.

  Once they completed the apprenticeship and become journeymen, they receive a nationally recognized and portable certification and their pay also increases again. Some journeymen continue employment with the companies they apprenticed with; others go on to different companies or become self- employed contractors.

  (1) The typical period of apprenticeship is ______.

  (2) The school of apprentices is paid by ______.

  (3) A journeyman usually gets ______ the pay of an apprentice.

  (4) The apprentices have little time for anything else because ______.

  (5) Apprentices receive a nationally recognized and portable certification after ______.

  第七题  概括大意(本大题共2小题,每小题5分,共10分)

  (请按要求概括段落大意,并将答案答在试卷上。)

  阅读下面两段短文,用不超过20词的一句话概括每段短文的大意,已经给出的起始部分不计字数,并将答案写在相应的位置上。

  72. Passage1

  How much sleep is enough for a person? There are different answers for different people. Eight hours a night is considered the average amount of sleep. For teenagers, the least number of sleeping hours advised by doctors are: ten hours for primary school students, nine for junior highs and eight for senior highs. Some people seem to get along just fine with very little sleep at night. Leading American scientist Thomas Edison said that sleep was a waste of time. He did, however, take naps during the day. On the other hand, Albert Einstein, another great scientist, said he needed at least ten hours sleep at night.

  (1) This passage mainly tells us ______.

  Passage2

  Nowadays, there is a growing concern over such a phenomenon, that is, some parents take care of almost everything concerned with their children, including study, work, and marriage. Some parents believe that this is love; however, it is only to destroy childrens independence thoroughly. For the future of the next generation, more efforts should be made by parents to help their children to be independent. The fundamental one is to cultivate the awareness, namely, the importance and necessity of being independent, which is supposed to begin from childhood. Children should be taught that no one can be stronger and more helpful than themselves in this world.

  (2)The main idea of this passage is ______.

  第八题  引导性作文(本大题共1小题,共15分)

  (请按要求写一篇100词左右的短文。)

  人们的生活水平越来越高,购买汽车的人越来越多,下面是人们对于个人购买汽车的两种不同意见,请根据这两种看法,写一篇短文,并表达自己对于这件事情的看法。

  注:

  1.标题和开头语已写出,不计入总词数。

  2.字数100-120个单词。

  Should we buy cars Or not?

  As time goes on, people are getting richer and their life is getting better and better

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